About the Authors

Maria Sellitto

Address Current address: Neonatal Unit, “Villa Betania” Evangelical Hospital, Naples, Italy

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Guoyun Bai

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Gloria Serena

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

W. Florian Fricke

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Craig Sturgeon

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Pawel Gajer

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

James R. White

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Sara S. K. Koenig

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Joyce Sakamoto

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Dustin Boothe

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Rachel Gicquelais

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Deborah Kryszak

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Elaine Puppa

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Carlo Catassi

Affiliations Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy

Jacques Ravel

afasano@mbrc.umaryland.edu (AF); jravel@som.umaryland.edu (JR)

Affiliation Institute for Genome Sciences and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Alessio Fasano

afasano@mbrc.umaryland.edu (AF); jravel@som.umaryland.edu (JR)

Affiliation Mucosal Biology Research Center, Center for Celiac Research and Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Physiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AF JR EP CC. Performed the experiments: MS GB GS CS SSKK JS DB RG DK. Analyzed the data: EP GB WFF CS PG JRW JR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PG JR. Wrote the paper: EP GB WFF CS PG JRW JR.