About the Authors

Yeqing Chao
Chunxin Fan
Yujun Liang
Bei Gao
Shicui Zhang


Affiliation Department of Marine Biology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YC SZ. Performed the experiments: YC. Analyzed the data: YC BG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CF YL. Wrote the paper: YC SZ.