About the Authors

Benjamin Dainat, Laurent Gauthier, Peter Neumann
Swiss Bee Research Centre, Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux Research Station ALP, Bern, Switzerland

Jay D. Evans, Yan Ping Chen
Bee Research Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

Peter Neumann
Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

Corresponding Author

benjamin.dainat@alp.admin.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BD PN. Performed the experiments: BD. Analyzed the data: BD JDE YPC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BD LG PN. Wrote the paper: BD JDE YPC LG PN.