About the Authors

Benjamin Dainat, Laurent Gauthier, Peter Neumann
Swiss Bee Research Centre, Agroscope Liebefeld-Posieux Research Station ALP, Bern, Switzerland

Jay D. Evans, Yan Ping Chen
Bee Research Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

Peter Neumann
Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BD PN. Performed the experiments: BD. Analyzed the data: BD JDE YPC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BD LG PN. Wrote the paper: BD JDE YPC LG PN.