About the Authors

Juliann E. Aukema
The National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

Brian Leung, Corey Chivers
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Brian Leung
School of Environment, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Kent Kovacs
Department of Applied Economics and Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Kerry O. Britton
U.S. Forest Service, Research and Development, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America

Jeffrey Englin
Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona, United States of America

Susan J. Frankel
U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California, United States of America

Robert G. Haight
U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Thomas P. Holmes
U.S. Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America

Andrew M. Liebhold
U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America

Deborah G. McCullough
Department of Entomology and Department of Forestry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Betsy Von Holle
Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America

Corresponding Author

aukema@nceas.ucsb.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JEA BL KK CC KOB JE SJF RGH TPH AML DGM BVH. Performed the experiments: JEA BL KK CC RGH TPH AML DGM BVH. Analyzed the data: JEA BL KK CC RGH TPH AML DGM BVH. Wrote the paper: JEA BL KK CC RGH TPH AML DGM.