About the Authors

Dominic D. P. Johnson


Affiliation Politics and International Relations, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Nils B. Weidmann

Affiliations Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Centre for the Study of Civil War, International Peace Research Institute Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Lars-Erik Cederman

Affiliation International Conflict Research, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DDPJ NBW L-EC. Performed the experiments: NBW. Analyzed the data: DDPJ NBW L-EC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NBW L-EC. Wrote the paper: DDPJ NBW L-EC. Designed the agent-based modelling software: NW L-EC.