About the Authors

Matteo Fassan

Affiliations Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Special Therapies, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Domenico D'Arca

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Juraj Letko

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Andrea Vecchione

Affiliations Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Division of Pathology, II Faculty of Medicine, University “La Sapienza,” Ospedale Sant'Andrea, Rome, Italy

Marina P. Gardiman

Affiliation Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Special Therapies, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Peter McCue

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Bernadette Wildemore

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Massimo Rugge

Affiliation Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Special Therapies, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Dolores Shupp-Byrne

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Leonard G. Gomella

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Andrea Morrione

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Renato V. Iozzo

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell Biology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Raffaele Baffa

R_Baffa@mail.jci.tju.edu

Address Current address: Global Oncology Division, Sanofi-Aventis, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Urology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MF AM RVI RB. Performed the experiments: MF DD JL AV BW. Analyzed the data: MF DS-B LGG AM RVI RB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MPG PM MR LGG AM RB. Wrote the paper: MF AM RB.