About the Authors

Sara L. Ellis

sara.ellis.33@gmail.com

Affiliation Aquatic Systems Group, University of Southern Maine, Portland, Maine, United States of America

Lewis S. Incze

Address Current address: School of Marine Sciences, Darling Marine Center, University of Maine, Walpole, Maine, United States of America

Affiliation Aquatic Systems Group, University of Southern Maine, Portland, Maine, United States of America

Peter Lawton

Affiliation Fisheries and Oceans Canada, St. Andrews Biological Station, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada

Henn Ojaveer

Affiliation Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, Pärnu, Estonia

Brian R. MacKenzie

Affiliations National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark (DTU-Aqua), Charlottenlund, Denmark, Department of Marine Ecology, University of Aarhus, c/o DTU-Aqua, Charlottenlund, Denmark, Department of Biology, Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

C. Roland Pitcher

Affiliation Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research, Cleveland, Australia

Thomas C. Shirley

Affiliation Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, Texas, United States of America

Margit Eero

Affiliation Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, Pärnu, Estonia

John W. Tunnell Jr

Affiliation Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, Texas, United States of America

Peter J. Doherty

Affiliation Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia

Brad M. Zeller

Affiliation Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Fisheries Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the paper: SLE LSI PL HO BRM CRP TCS. Conceived the manuscript: LSI SLE PL. Contributed to regional case studies: ME (B-HMAP); PJD BMZ (GBRSB); JWT (GoMx).