About the Authors

Francine Matthys

fmatthys@itg.be

Affiliation Epidemiological and Disease Control Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Leen Rigouts

Affiliation Mycobacteriology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Vinciane Sizaire

Affiliation Médecins sans Frontières, Brussels, Belgium

Natalia Vezhnina

Affiliation HIV/TB Penal System Projects in Central Asian Republics, AIDS Foundation East-West, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan

Maryvonne Lecoq

Affiliation Médecins sans Frontières, Brussels, Belgium

Vera Golubeva

Affiliation Laboratory of Mycobacteriology, Colony 33, Mariinsk, Kemorovo, Russia

Françoise Portaels

Affiliation Mycobacteriology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Patrick Van der Stuyft

Affiliation Epidemiological and Disease Control Unit, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Michael Kimerling

Address Current address: The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Affiliation University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FM NV MK. Performed the experiments: LR VS NV ML VG FP. Analyzed the data: FM LR VS ML VG FP PVdS MK. Wrote the paper: FM LR VS NV ML VG FP PVdS MK. Provided interpretation of analysis, comments and writing of paper: PVdS.