About the Authors

Andrea Conroy, Lena Serghides, Constance Finney, W. Conrad Liles, Kevin C. Kain
McLaughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health, Toronto General Hospital, McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Andrea Conroy, Kevin C. Kain
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Simon O. Owino, Julie M. Moore
Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases and Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

Simon O. Owino
Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

Sanjeev Kumar, D. Channe Gowda
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States of America

W. Conrad Liles, Kevin C. Kain
Tropical Disease Unit, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University Health Network-Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ALC LS WCL KCK. Performed the experiments: ALC LS CF. Analyzed the data: ALC LS CF KCK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SOO SK CDG WCL JMM KCK. Wrote the paper: ALC KCK. Organized collection of clinical samples and clinical data: SOO JMM.