About the Authors

John F. Bruno
Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Elizabeth R. Selig
Curriculum in Ecology and Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

jbruno@unc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JB ES. Performed the experiments: JB ES. Analyzed the data: JB ES. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JB ES. Wrote the paper: JB ES.