About the Authors

Yongli Zhang, Donald M. Crothers
Departments of Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Abbye E. McEwen, Stephen D. Levene
Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States of America

Stephen D. Levene
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States of America

Corresponding Author

sdlevene@utdallas.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DC SL YZ. Performed the experiments: SL YZ AM. Analyzed the data: SL YZ AM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YZ. Wrote the paper: SL YZ.