Table of Contents: December 2009

Rabies control in wildlife is complex and challenging. However, largely through oral rabies vaccination (ORV), canine rabies was eliminated from the United States in 2007 and control of other rabies virus variants has been achieved. Raccoon (Procyon lotor) rabies presents continuing challenges, yet its expansion beyond the eastern US has been prevented through an integrated strategy relying largely on ORV. The North American Rabies Management Plan ensures continued collaboration for rabies surveillance, control, and research among Canada, Mexico, and the US (see Slate et al., doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000549).

Photo Credit: Brian M. Bjorklund (USDA, APHIS, Wildlife Services MA/CT/RI).



Oral Rabies Vaccination in North America: Opportunities, Complexities, and Challenges

Dennis Slate, Timothy P. Algeo, Kathleen M. Nelson, Richard B. Chipman, Dennis Donovan, Jesse D. Blanton, Michael Niezgoda, Charles E. Rupprecht

Research Articles

Snake Envenoming: A Disease of Poverty

Robert A. Harrison, Adam Hargreaves, Simon C. Wagstaff, Brian Faragher, David G. Lalloo

Maternal Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi and Congenital Chagas Disease Induce a Trend to a Type 1 Polarization of Infant Immune Responses to Vaccines

Nicolas Dauby, Cristina Alonso-Vega, Eduardo Suarez, Amilcar Flores, Emmanuel Hermann, Marisol Córdova, Tatiana Tellez, Faustino Torrico, Carine Truyens, Yves Carlier

Active Trachoma and Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis Infection in Two Gambian Regions: On Course for Elimination by 2020?

Emma M. Harding-Esch, Tansy Edwards, Ansumana Sillah, Isatou Sarr, Chrissy H. Roberts, Paul Snell, Esther Aryee, Sandra Molina, Martin J. Holland, David C. W. Mabey, Robin L. Bailey

Spatial Predictions of Rhodesian Human African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness) Prevalence in Kaberamaido and Dokolo, Two Newly Affected Districts of Uganda

Nicola A. Batchelor, Peter M. Atkinson, Peter W. Gething, Kim Picozzi, Eric M. Fèvre, Abbas S. L. Kakembo, Susan C. Welburn

Discrepant Prevalence and Incidence of Leishmania Infection between Two Neighboring Villages in Central Mali Based on Leishmanin Skin Test Surveys

Fabiano Oliveira, Seydou Doumbia, Jennifer M. Anderson, Ousmane Faye, Souleymane S. Diarra, Pierre Traoré, Moumine Cisse, Guimba Camara, Koureissi Tall, Cheick A. Coulibaly, Sibiry Samake, Ibrahim Sissoko, Bourama Traoré, Daouda Diallo, Somita Keita, Rick M. Fairhurst, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Shaden Kamhawi

Chagas Disease, Migration and Community Settlement Patterns in Arequipa, Peru

Angela M. Bayer, Gabrielle C. Hunter, Robert H. Gilman, Juan G. Cornejo del Carpio, Cesar Naquira, Caryn Bern, Michael Z. Levy

Human Probing Behavior of Aedes aegypti when Infected with a Life-Shortening Strain of Wolbachia

Luciano A. Moreira, Emad Saig, Andrew P. Turley, José M. C. Ribeiro, Scott L. O'Neill, Elizabeth A. McGraw

Comparative Transcriptional and Translational Analysis of Leptospiral Outer Membrane Protein Expression in Response to Temperature

Miranda Lo, Stuart J. Cordwell, Dieter M. Bulach, Ben Adler

NMR Analysis of the Dynamic Exchange of the NS2B Cofactor between Open and Closed Conformations of the West Nile Virus NS2B-NS3 Protease

Xun-Cheng Su, Kiyoshi Ozawa, Ruhu Qi, Subhash G. Vasudevan, Siew P. Lim, Gottfried Otting

Accuracy of Serological Testing for the Diagnosis of Prevalent Neurocysticercosis in Outpatients with Epilepsy, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Humberto Foyaca-Sibat, Linda D. Cowan, Hélène Carabin, Irene Targonska, Mushtaq A. Anwary, Gilberto Serrano-Ocaña, Rosina C. Krecek, A. Lee Willingham III

Identification of the Schistosoma mansoni TNF-Alpha Receptor Gene and the Effect of Human TNF-Alpha on the Parasite Gene Expression Profile

Katia C. Oliveira, Mariana L. P. Carvalho, Thiago M. Venancio, Patricia A. Miyasato, Toshie Kawano, Ricardo DeMarco, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida

A Major Genetic Locus in Trypanosoma brucei Is a Determinant of Host Pathology

Liam J. Morrison, Andy Tait, Sarah McLellan, Lindsay Sweeney, C. Michael R. Turner, Annette MacLeod

Identification of Zoonotic Genotypes of Giardia duodenalis

Hein Sprong, Simone M. Cacciò, Joke W. B. van der Giessen, on behalf of the ZOOPNET network and partners