About the Authors

Alexander W. E. Franz
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America

Irma Sanchez-Vargas, Robyn R. Raban, William C. Black IV, Ken E. Olson
Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Anthony A. James
Departments of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AWEF ISV RRR WCB AAJ KEO. Performed the experiments: AWEF RRR ISV WCB KEO. Analyzed the data: AWEF WCB AAJ KEO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AWEF WCB KEO. Wrote the paper: AWEF WCB AAJ KEO.