About the Authors

Christina L. Gardner

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Jozef Hritz

Affiliation CEITEC, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Chengqun Sun

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Dana L. Vanlandingham

Affiliation Department of Diagnostic Medicine & Pathobiology, Biosecurity Research Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

Timothy Y. Song

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Computational and Systems Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Elodie Ghedin

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Computational and Systems Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Stephen Higgs

Affiliation Department of Diagnostic Medicine & Pathobiology, Biosecurity Research Institute, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

William B. Klimstra

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Kate D. Ryman

ryman@pitt.edu

Affiliations Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CLG JH CS DLV SH WBK KDR. Performed the experiments: CLG JH CS DLV TYS. Analyzed the data: CLG JH CS TYS WBK KDR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EG DLV SH. Wrote the paper: CLG JH WBK KDR.