About the Authors

Domenico Otranto, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Alessio Giannelli
Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Bari, Italy

Filipe Dantas-Torres
Department of Immunology, Aggeu Magalãhes Research Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

Francesca Abramo
Department of Animal Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Aleksandra Ignjatović Ćupina, Dušan Petrić
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

Luís Cardoso
Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, and Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Oporto, Portugal

Yasen Mutafchiev
Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Helder Cortes
Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Núcleo da Mitra, Évora, Portugal

Corresponding Author

domenico.otranto@uniba.it

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DO FDT YM LC HC. Performed the experiments: DO FDT YM LC AIC DP AG HC FA. Analyzed the data: DO FDT YM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DO FDT YM LC AIC DP HC AG FA. Wrote the paper: DO FDT YM. Coordinated the research: DO.