About the Authors

David Safronetz

safronetzd@naidi.nih.gov (DS); feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov (HF)

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Nafomon Sogoba

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Job E. Lopez

Current address: Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, United States of America.

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Ousmane Maiga

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Eric Dahlstrom

Affiliation Rocky Mountain Laboratory Research Technologies Section, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Marko Zivcec

Affiliations Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Friederike Feldmann

Affiliation Rocky Mountain Veterinary Branch, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Elaine Haddock

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Robert J. Fischer

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Jennifer M. Anderson

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Vincent J. Munster

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Luis Branco

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Autoimmune Technologies LLC, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Robert Garry

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Stephen F. Porcella

Affiliation Rocky Mountain Laboratory Research Technologies Section, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Tom G. Schwan

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Heinz Feldmann

safronetzd@naidi.nih.gov (DS); feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov (HF)

Affiliations Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DS NS TGS HF. Performed the experiments: DS NS JEL OM MZ FF EH RJF JMA VJM TGS HF. Analyzed the data: DS ED. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LB RG SFP. Wrote the paper: DS.