About the Authors

Jeremy D. Keenan

jeremy.keenan@ucsf.edu

Affiliations Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Peter J. Hotez

Affiliations Texas Children's Hospital Center for Vaccine Development, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America, Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Abdou Amza

Affiliations Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Niamey, Niger, Programme National de Lutte Contre la Cécité, Niamey, Niger

Nicole E. Stoller

Affiliation Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Bruce D. Gaynor

Affiliations Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Travis C. Porco

Affiliations Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Thomas M. Lietman

Affiliations Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JDK PJH AA NES BDG TCP TML. Performed the experiments: JDK NES TML. Analyzed the data: JDK TCP TML. Wrote the paper: JDK PJH AA NES BDG TCP TML.