About the Authors

Didier Menard

dmenard@pasteur-kh.org (DM); omp@pasteur.fr (OMP); serred@ccf.org (DS); paz@case.edu (PAZ)

‡ These authors are first co-authors.

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Ernest R. Chan

‡ These authors are first co-authors.

Affiliation Genomic Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Christophe Benedet

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Arsène Ratsimbasoa

Affiliation Direction de la lutte contre les maladies infectieuses, Ministère de la santé, du planning familial et de la protection sociale du Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar

Saorin Kim

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Pheaktra Chim

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Catherine Do

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Benoit Witkowski

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie Moléculaire du Paludisme, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Remy Durand

Affiliation Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Hôpital Avicenne, AP-HP, Bobigny, France

Marc Thellier

Affiliation National Center for Malaria Research, AP-HP, CHU Pitie Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Carlo Severini

Affiliation Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS), Rome, Italy

Eric Legrand

Affiliation Laboratoire de parasitologie, National Reference Centre of Malaria Resistance in French Guiana and West Indies, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana

Lise Musset

Affiliation Laboratoire de parasitologie, National Reference Centre of Malaria Resistance in French Guiana and West Indies, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana

Bakri Y. M. Nour

Affiliation Blue Nile National Institute for Communicable Diseases, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan

Odile Mercereau-Puijalon

dmenard@pasteur-kh.org (DM); omp@pasteur.fr (OMP); serred@ccf.org (DS); paz@case.edu (PAZ)

Affiliation Unité d'lmmunologie Moléculaire des Parasites, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

David Serre

dmenard@pasteur-kh.org (DM); omp@pasteur.fr (OMP); serred@ccf.org (DS); paz@case.edu (PAZ)

These authors co-supervised the study.

Affiliation Genomic Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Peter A. Zimmerman

dmenard@pasteur-kh.org (DM); omp@pasteur.fr (OMP); serred@ccf.org (DS); paz@case.edu (PAZ)

These authors co-supervised the study.

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DM ERC OMP DS PAZ. Performed the experiments: ERC CB SK PC CD BW. Analyzed the data: DM ERC CB OMP DS PAZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DM AR RD MT CS EL LM BYMN. Wrote the paper: DM ERC OMP DS PAZ.