About the Authors

Julien Lemaire

Contributed equally to this work with: Julien Lemaire, Ghada Mkannez

Affiliation Laboratory of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology (URBC), NARILIS-University of Namur, Namur, Belgium

Ghada Mkannez

Contributed equally to this work with: Julien Lemaire, Ghada Mkannez

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Fatma Z. Guerfali

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Cindy Gustin

Affiliation Laboratory of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology (URBC), NARILIS-University of Namur, Namur, Belgium

Hanène Attia

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Rabiaa M. Sghaier

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Sysco-Consortium
Koussay Dellagi

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) et Centre de Recherche et de Veille sur les Maladies Emergentes dans l'Océan Indien (CRVOI), Sainte Clotilde, Reunion Island, France

Dhafer Laouini

dhafer_l@yahoo.ca, dhafer.laouini@pasteur.rns.tn (DL); patsy.renard@fundp.ac.be (PR)

These authors co-directed this study.

Affiliations Institut Pasteur de Tunis, LR11IPT02, Laboratory of Transmission, Control and Immunobiology of Infections (LTCII), Tunis-Belvédère, Tunisia, Université Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Patricia Renard

dhafer_l@yahoo.ca, dhafer.laouini@pasteur.rns.tn (DL); patsy.renard@fundp.ac.be (PR)

These authors co-directed this study.

Affiliation Laboratory of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology (URBC), NARILIS-University of Namur, Namur, Belgium

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

‡ Membership of the Sysco-Consortium is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Conceived and designed the experiments: KD DL PR. Performed the experiments: GM JL CG FZG HA RMS DL. Analyzed the data: JL GM CG FZG DL PR. Wrote the paper: JL GM FZG KD DL PR.