About the Authors

Michelle L. Steinauer
College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific Northwest, Western University of Health Sciences, Lebanon, Oregon, United States of America

Mark R. Christie, Michael S. Blouin
Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

Lelo E. Agola, Ibrahim N. Mwangi, Geoffrey M. Maina, Martin W. Mutuku, Joseph M. Kinuthia, Gerald M. Mkoji
Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Eric S. Loker
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

Corresponding Author

msteinauer@westernu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MLS MRC MSB ESL. Performed the experiments: MLS MRC MSB LEA INM MWM JMK GMM. Analyzed the data: MLS MRC MSB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GMM ESL. Wrote the paper: MLS MRC MSB.