About the Authors

Joseph Humphrey Kofi Bonney

Affiliations Virology Department, Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana, Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Mubarak Osei-Kwasi

Affiliation Virology Department, Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana

Theophilus Korku Adiku

Affiliation University of Ghana Medical School, Korle Bu, Ghana

Jacob Samson Barnor

Affiliation Virology Department, Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana

Robert Amesiya

Affiliation St. Theresa's Hospital, Nandom, Ghana

Chrysantus Kubio

Affiliation West Gonja Hospital, Damongo, Ghana

Lawson Ahadzie

Affiliation Disease Surveillance Department, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana

Stephan Ölschläger

Affiliation Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Michaela Lelke

Affiliation Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Beate Becker-Ziaja

Affiliation Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Meike Pahlmann

Affiliation Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Stephan Günther

guenther@bni.uni-hamburg.de

Affiliation Department of Virology, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MOK SG. Performed the experiments: JHKB MOK JSB RA CK BBZ MP. Analyzed the data: JHKB MOK JSB SÖ ML MP SG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TKA LA. Wrote the paper: JHKB SG.