About the Authors

Jeffrey W. Koehler

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Jeffrey M. Smith

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Daniel R. Ripoll

Affiliation DoD Biotechnology High Performance Computing Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Kristin W. Spik

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Shannon L. Taylor

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Catherine V. Badger

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Rebecca J. Grant

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Monica M. Ogg

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Anders Wallqvist

Affiliation DoD Biotechnology High Performance Computing Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Mary C. Guttieri

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Robert F. Garry

Affiliation Tulane University, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Connie S. Schmaljohn

connie.schmaljohn@amedd.army.mil

Affiliation United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Virology Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JWK RFG DRR AW MCG CSS. Performed the experiments: JWK JMS DRR KWS SLT CVB RJG MMO AW. Analyzed the data: JWK JMS DRR SLT AW RFG CSS. Wrote the paper: JWK JMS DRR SLT AW RFG CSS.