About the Authors

Kristyn E. Feldman, Paul M. Loriaux, Tenaya Siva, Alexander Hoffmann
Signaling Systems Laboratory, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Mayuko Saito, Joseph M. Vinetz
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Iskra Tuero, Homarh Villaverde, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Joseph M. Vinetz
Alexander von Humboldt Institute of Tropical Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

Eduardo Gotuzzo
Departmento de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

Robert H. Gilman, Joseph M. Vinetz
Laboratorio de Investigación y Desarrollo, Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofía, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú

Robert H. Gilman
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KEF AH JMV. Performed the experiments: KEF IT TS. Analyzed the data: KEF PML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EG RHG AH JMV. Wrote the paper: KEF PML AH JMV. Obtained patient permissions and samples: MS HV.