About the Authors

Nguyen Tien Huy

Contributed equally to this work with: Nguyen Tien Huy, Tran Van Giang

tienhuy@nagasaki-u.ac.jp (NTH); hiraken@nagasaki-u.ac.jp (KH)

Affiliation Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Tran Van Giang

Contributed equally to this work with: Nguyen Tien Huy, Tran Van Giang

Affiliation Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Dinh Ha Duy Thuy

Affiliation BBB Laboratory, PharmaCo-Cell Co. Ltd., Nagasaki, Japan

Mihoko Kikuchi

Affiliation Center for International Collaborative Research, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Tran Tinh Hien

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Javier Zamora

Affiliation Clinical Biostatistics Unit, Ramón y Cajal Hospital and CIBER Epidemiologia y Salud Publica (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain

Kenji Hirayama

tienhuy@nagasaki-u.ac.jp (NTH); hiraken@nagasaki-u.ac.jp (KH)

Affiliations Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan, Global COE program, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors declare that DHDT is employed by BBB Laboratory, PharmaCo-Cell Co. Ltd and there is no competing interest to claim. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases policies on sharing data.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NTH TVG KH. Performed the experiments: NTH TVG DHDT. Analyzed the data: NTH TVG DHDT MK TTH JZ KH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NTH TVG DHDT MK TTH JZ KH. Wrote the paper: NTH TVG KH.