About the Authors

Juan Carlos Zapata

jczapata@ihv.umaryland.edu

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Ricardo Carrion Jr

Affiliation Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

Jean L. Patterson

Affiliation Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

Oswald Crasta

Affiliation Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Yan Zhang

Affiliation Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Sachin Mani

Affiliation Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Marti Jett

Affiliation Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Bhawna Poonia

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Mahmoud Djavani

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

David M. White

Affiliation Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Igor S. Lukashevich

Address Current address: Center for Predictive Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America.

ISL and MSS are co-senior authors.

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Maria S. Salvato

ISL and MSS are co-senior authors.

Affiliation Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCZ ISL MSS. Performed the experiments: JCZ SM BP RC DMW. Analyzed the data: JCZ OC YZ MD ISL MSS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MJ JLP OC YZ. Wrote the paper: JCZ ISL MSS.