About the Authors

Scott T. Small

These authors are first co-authors.

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Akshaya Ramesh

These authors are first co-authors.

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Krufinta Bun

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Lisa Reimer

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Edward Thomsen

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Manasseh Baea

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Moses J. Bockarie

Affiliations Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea, Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Peter Siba

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

James W. Kazura

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Daniel J. Tisch

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Peter A. Zimmerman

paz@case.edu

Affiliation Center for Global Health and Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: STS MJB JWK DJT PAZ. Performed the experiments: STS AR. Analyzed the data: STS AR KB PAZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LR ET MB MJB PS JWK DJT PAZ. Wrote the paper: STS PAZ.