About the Authors

Li-Ya Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Wen-Yi Zhang

Contributed equally to this work with: Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Fan Ding

Contributed equally to this work with: Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Affiliation Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Wen-Biao Hu

Contributed equally to this work with: Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Affiliation School of Population Health, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Contributed equally to this work with: Li-Ya Wang, Wen-Yi Zhang, Fan Ding, Wen-Biao Hu, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes

Affiliation School of Population Health, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Hai-Long Sun

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Yi-Xing Li

Affiliation Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Wen Zou

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Yong Wang

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Qi-Yong Liu

liuqiyong@icdc.cn (QYL); licy_60@163.com (CYL)

Affiliation Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Shen-Long Li

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Wen-Wu Yin

Affiliation Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Liu-Yu Huang

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Archie C. A. Clements

Affiliation School of Population Health, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Peng Bi

Affiliation Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

Cheng-Yi Li

liuqiyong@icdc.cn (QYL); licy_60@163.com (CYL)

Affiliation Institute of Disease Control and Prevention, Academy of Military Medical Science, Beijing, People′s Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WYZ WBH RJSM ACAC PB CYL. Performed the experiments: LYW WYZ WBH HLS SLL. Analyzed the data: LYW WYZ WBH HLS SLL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FD YXL WZ YW QYL WWY LYH. Wrote the paper: LYW WYZ RJSM ACAC PB CYL.