About the Authors

Shona Wilson

sw320@cam.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Frances M. Jones

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Hassan K. M. Fofana

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, Bamako, Mali

Aissata Doucouré

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, Bamako, Mali

Aly Landouré

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, Bamako, Mali

Gachuhi Kimani

Affiliation Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Joseph K. Mwatha

Affiliation Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Moussa Sacko

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, Bamako, Mali

Birgitte J. Vennervald

Affiliation DBL – Centre for Health Research and Development, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark

David W. Dunne

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Managed field activities: AL MS. Conceived and designed the experiments: SW AL MS BJV DWD. Performed the experiments: SW FMJ HKMF AD GK JKM. Analyzed the data: SW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS BJV DWD. Wrote the paper: SW DWD.