About the Authors

Mariko Saito

saitom@med.tohoku.ac.jp

Affiliations Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan, RITM-Tohoku Collaborative Research Center on Emerging and Re-emerging Research, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Hitoshi Oshitani

Affiliations Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan, RITM-Tohoku Collaborative Research Center on Emerging and Re-emerging Research, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Jun Ryan C. Orbina

Affiliation Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Kentaro Tohma

Affiliation Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan

Alice S. de Guzman

Affiliation Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Taro Kamigaki

Affiliations Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan, RITM-Tohoku Collaborative Research Center on Emerging and Re-emerging Research, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Catalino S. Demetria

Affiliation Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Daria L. Manalo

Affiliation Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Akira Noguchi

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Disease, Tokyo, Japan

Satoshi Inoue

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Disease, Tokyo, Japan

Beatriz P. Quiambao

Affiliation Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HO TK SI DLM BPQ. Performed the experiments: MS JRCO ASdG KT CSD. Analyzed the data: MS KT TK HO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AN SI. Wrote the paper: MS HO KT.