About the Authors

Sébastien D. S. Pion, Michel Boussinesq
UMI 233, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) and University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France

Hugues C. Nana-Djeunga, Flobert Njiokou
General Biology Laboratory, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Joseph Kamgno
Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1 and Filariasis & other Tropical Diseases Research Centre, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Nicholas Tendongfor, Samuel Wanji
Research Foundation in Tropical Diseases and the Environment, Buea, Cameroon

Nicholas Tendongfor
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon

Roger K. Prichard
Institute of Parasitology, McGill University, Sainte Anne-de-Bellevue, Québec, Canada

Corresponding Author

sebastien.pion@ird.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SDSP HCND JK SW FN RKP MB. Performed the experiments: SDSP HCND JK NT SW MB. Analyzed the data: SDSP RKP MB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HCND JK NT SW MB. Wrote the paper: SDSP HCND RKP MB.