About the Authors

Vladimir A. Timoshevskiy

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Fralin Life Science Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

David W. Severson

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States of America

Becky S. deBruyn

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, United States of America

William C. Black

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Igor V. Sharakhov

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Fralin Life Science Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Maria V. Sharakhova

msharakh@vt.edu

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Fralin Life Science Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MVS DWS. Performed the experiments: VAT BSD. Analyzed the data: VAT WCB IVS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DWS. Wrote the paper: MVS IVS.