About the Authors

Patrick Giraudoux, Francis Raoul
Chrono-environment, University of Franche-Comte (CRNS), Besançon, France

Patrick Giraudoux
Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France

David Pleydell
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR), Contrle des Maladies Animales Exotiques et Émergentes (CMAEE), Petit-Bourg, Guadeloupe, France

Tiaoying Li, Jiamin Qiu
Sichuan Center for Disease Control, Chengdu, China

Xiuming Han, Hu Wang
Qinghai Center for Disease Control, Xining, China

Yan Xie
Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Akira Ito
Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan

Philip S. Craig
School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

patrick.giraudoux@univ-fcomte.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PG PSC FR TL AI. Performed the experiments: PG TL XH JQ YX HW. Analyzed the data: PG FR DP. Wrote the paper: PG FR PSC DP.