About the Authors

Haitham Elbir, Mireille Henry, Oleg Mediannikov, Cristina Socolovschi, Didier Raoult, Michel Drancourt
Aix Marseille Université, URMITE, UMR63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Marseille, France

Georges Diatta, Oleg Mediannikov, Cheikh Sokhna
URMITE, UMR IRD 198 CNRS 7278, Dakar, Senegal

Adama Tall
Institute Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal

Sally J. Cutler
School of Health, Sports and Bioscience, University of East London, London, United Kingdom

Kassahum D. Bilcha, Jemal Ali
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Dayana Campelo, Steven C. Barker
Parasitology Section, School of Chemistry and Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Corresponding Author

Michel.Drancourt@univmed.fr

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: D. Raoult, M. Drancourt. Performed the experiments: H. Elbir, M. Henry, G. Diatta, O. Mediannikov, C. Sokhna, A. Tall, C. Socolovschi, J. Ali, K. Bilcha, D. Campelo. Analyzed the data: S. Cutler, S. Barker, D. Raoult, M. Drancourt. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: D. Raoult. Wrote the paper: H. Elbir, S. Cutler, S. Barker, D. Raoult, M. Drancourt.