About the Authors

Fabio E. Leal

Contributed equally to this work with: Fabio E. Leal, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu

Affiliations The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America, Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu

Contributed equally to this work with: Fabio E. Leal, Lishomwa C. Ndhlovu

Affiliations The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Aaron M. Hasenkrug

Affiliation The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Fernanda R. Bruno

Affiliation Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Karina I. Carvalho

Affiliation Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Harry Wynn-Williams

Affiliation Hawaii Center of AIDS, Department of Tropical Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Walter K. Neto

Affiliations Molecular Biology Laboratory, Fundação Pró-Sangue, Hemocentro de São Paulo, Brazil, Department of Translational Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Sabri S. Sanabani

Affiliation Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Aluisio C. Segurado

Affiliation Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Douglas F. Nixon

Affiliation The Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Esper G. Kallas

esper.kallas@usp.br

Affiliations Deparment of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FEL LCN ACS DFN EGK. Performed the experiments: FEL LCN AMH FRB KIC HWW WKN SSS. Analyzed the data: FEL LCN AMH FRB KIC HWW WKN DFN EGK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LCN KIC SSS DFN EGK. Wrote the paper: FEL LCN WKN DFN EGK.