About the Authors

David P. Tchouassi

Affiliations International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya, Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Rosemary Sang

Affiliations International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya, Centre for Virus Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya

Catherine L. Sole

Affiliation Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Armanda D. S. Bastos

Affiliation Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Peter E. A. Teal

Affiliation USDA/ARS-Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Christian Borgemeister

Affiliation International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

Baldwyn Torto

btorto@icipe.org

Affiliation International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DPT RS BT. Performed the experiments: DPT. Analyzed the data: DPT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DPT RS CB BT. Wrote the paper: DPT RS CLS ADSB PEAT CB BT.