About the Authors

Elizabeth A. Cromwell

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jonathan D. King

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Scott McPherson

Affiliation Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Falam N. Jip

Affiliation The Carter Center Nigeria, Jos, Nigeria

Amy E. Patterson

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Aryc W. Mosher

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Darin S. Evans

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Paul M. Emerson

paul.emerson@emory.edu

Affiliation The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EAC SM JDK PME AEP DSE AWM. Performed the experiments: SM FNJ. Analyzed the data: EAC. Wrote the paper: EAC. Developed Figure 1: AWM. Contributed substantially to the editing of this paper: EAC SM JDK FNJ PME AEP DSE AWM.