About the Authors

Rupert J. Quinnell
School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Connor Carson, Orin Courtenay
School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

Richard Reithinger
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Richard Reithinger
School of Public Health and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, D. C., United States of America

Richard Reithinger
RTI International, Washington, D. C., United States of America

Lourdes M. Garcez
Instituto Evandro Chagas, Belém, Pará, Brazil

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RJQ CC RR OC. Performed the experiments: RJQ CC LMG OC. Analyzed the data: RJQ CC OC. Wrote the paper: RJQ CC. Extracted data for meta-analysis: RJQ RR. Performed the meta-analysis: RJQ.