About the Authors

Glyn A. Vale

valeglyn@gmail.com

Affiliations Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom, Southern African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa

David R. Hall

Affiliation Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Andrew Chamisa

Affiliation Division of Tsetse Control, Harare, Zimbabwe

Stephen J. Torr

Affiliation Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GAV SJT AC. Performed the experiments: GAV SJT AC. Analyzed the data: GAV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DRH. Wrote the paper: GAV SJT.