About the Authors

Supawadee Piratae, Smarn Tesana, Sirikanda Thanasuwan, Thewarach Laha
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Malcolm K. Jones, Erica Lovas
School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia

Paul J. Brindley
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Alex Loukas
Centre for Biodiscovery and Molecular Development of Therapeutics, Queensland Tropical Health Alliance, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia

Veerachai Eursitthichai
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand

Banchob Sripa
Tropical Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Banchob Sripa, Thewarach Laha
Liver Fluke and Cholangiocarcinoma Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

Corresponding Author

thewa_la@kku.ac.th

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SP PJB AL TL. Performed the experiments: SP TL EL S. Thanasuwan. Analyzed the data: S. Tesana VE MKJ TL SP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TL BS MKJ. Wrote the paper: SP PJB AL MKJ TL.