About the Authors

Tom G. Schwan

tschwan@niaid.nih.gov

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Jennifer M. Anderson

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Twinbrook, Maryland, United States of America

Job E. Lopez

Current address: Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, Mississippi, United States of America

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Robert J. Fischer

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Sandra J. Raffel

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Brandi N. McCoy

Affiliation Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

David Safronetz

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Nafomon Sogoba

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Ousmane Maïga

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Sékou F. Traoré

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no completing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TGS JMA RJF NS OM SFT. Performed the experiments: TGS JMA JEL RJF SJR BNM DS NS OM SFT. Analyzed the data: TGS RJF SJR BNM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TGS JMA RJF SJR BNM. Wrote the paper: TGS.