About the Authors

Caecilia Schmid

Affiliations Department of Medicines Research, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Andrea Kuemmerle

Address Current address: CRP-SANTE, Centre for Health Studies, Public Research Centre for Health, Strassen, Luxembourg

Affiliations Department of Medicines Research, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Johannes Blum

Affiliations Department of Medicines Research, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Salah Ghabri

Affiliation Consultant, Paris, France

Victor Kande

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Wilfried Mutombo

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Medard Ilunga

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ismael Lumpungu

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Sylvain Mutanda

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Pathou Nganzobo

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Digas Tete

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Nono Mubwa

Affiliation Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Mays Kisala

Affiliation Bureau Diocesain d'Oeuvres Médicales (BDOM), Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Severine Blesson

Affiliation DNDi, Geneva, Switzerland

Olaf Valverde Mordt

ovalverde@dndi.org

Affiliation DNDi, Geneva, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CS AK SG VK WM. Performed the experiments: WM MI IL SM PN DT NM MK. Analyzed the data: CS AK JB SG SB OVM. Wrote the paper: CS AK SG OVM.