About the Authors

Laura J. Appleby, Norman Nausch, Claire D. Bourke, Nadine Rujeni, Judith E. Allen, Francisca Mutapi
Institute for Immunology & Infection Research, Centre for Immunity, Infection & Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Nicholas Midzi
National Institutes of Health Research, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe

Takafira Mduluza
Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FM LJA TM NM. Performed the experiments: CDB FM LJA NM NN NR TM. Analyzed the data: FM LJA. Wrote the paper: FM LJA JEA. Designed the study: FM TM NM. Contributed to fieldwork: LJA NN NR CDB TM NM FM. Contributed to final version of the manuscript: LJA NN NR CDB TM NM FM JEA.