About the Authors

Afzal Husain

Address Current address: Department of Immunology and Genomic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University Kyoto, Japan

Affiliations Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan, Department of Parasitology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan

Dan Sato

Affiliation Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, Tsuruoka, Japan

Ghulam Jeelani

Affiliations Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan, Department of Biochemistry and Integrative Medical Biology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan

Tomoyoshi Soga

Affiliation Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, Tsuruoka, Japan

Tomoyoshi Nozaki

nozaki@nih.go.jp

Affiliations Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AH DS GJ TN. Performed the experiments: AH DS GJ. Analyzed the data: AH DS GJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TS TN. Wrote the paper: AH TN.