About the Authors

Jose Ma. M. Angeles

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Yasuyuki Goto

Affiliations National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan, Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Department of Animal Resource Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Masashi Kirinoki

Affiliation Laboratory of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan

Masahito Asada

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Lydia R. Leonardo

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines

Pilarita T. Rivera

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines

Elena A. Villacorte

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines

Noboru Inoue

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Yuichi Chigusa

Affiliation Laboratory of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan

Shin-ichiro Kawazu

skawazu@obihiro.ac.jp

Affiliation National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMA YG SK. Performed the experiments: JMA MK MA EAV. Analyzed the data: JMA YG SK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NI MK YC PTR LRL SK. Wrote the paper: JMA YG LRL SK.