About the Authors

Jose Ma. M. Angeles, Yasuyuki Goto, Masahito Asada, Noboru Inoue, Shin-ichiro Kawazu
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Yasuyuki Goto
Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Department of Animal Resource Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Masashi Kirinoki, Yuichi Chigusa
Laboratory of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan

Lydia R. Leonardo, Pilarita T. Rivera, Elena A. Villacorte
Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines

Corresponding Author

skawazu@obihiro.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMA YG SK. Performed the experiments: JMA MK MA EAV. Analyzed the data: JMA YG SK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NI MK YC PTR LRL SK. Wrote the paper: JMA YG LRL SK.