About the Authors

Valérie Soti

Affiliations CIRAD, UPR AGIRs, Montpellier, France, CIRAD, UMR TETIS, Montpellier, France, CIRAD, UR SCA, Montpellier, France

Annelise Tran

annelise.tran@cirad.fr

Affiliations CIRAD, UPR AGIRs, Montpellier, France, CIRAD, UMR TETIS, Montpellier, France

Pascal Degenne

Affiliation CIRAD, UMR TETIS, Montpellier, France

Véronique Chevalier

Affiliation CIRAD, UPR AGIRs, Montpellier, France

Danny Lo Seen

Affiliation CIRAD, UMR TETIS, Montpellier, France

Yaya Thiongane

Affiliation ISRA/LNERV, BP 2057, Dakar-Hann, Senegal

Mawlouth Diallo

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal

Jean-François Guégan

Affiliations IRD, UMR MIVEGEC (IRD 224, CNRS 5290), Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France, EHESP, Montpellier, France

Didier Fontenille

Affiliation IRD, UMR MIVEGEC (IRD 224, CNRS 5290), Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VS AT JFG DF. Performed the experiments: VC YT MD. Analyzed the data: VS AT PD DLS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: VC JFG DF. Wrote the paper: VS AT DLS.