About the Authors

Stephen J. Torr, Glyn A. Vale
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Andrew Chamisa
Division of Tsetse Control, Harare, Zimbabwe

T. N. Clement Mangwiro
Bindura University of Science Education, Bindura, Zimbabwe

Glyn A. Vale
Southern African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SJT GAV. Performed the experiments: SJT AC TNCM GAV. Analyzed the data: GAV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SJT AC TNCM GAV. Wrote the paper: SJT GAV.