About the Authors

Johan Ankarklev, Jan O. Andersson, Staffan G. Svärd
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Elin Hestvik, Thorkild Tylleskär
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Marianne Lebbad, Johan Lindh
Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

Deogratias H. Kaddu-Mulindwa
Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

James K. Tumwine
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH TT JKT DHKM ML JA JOA SGS. Performed the experiments: JA ML JOA. Analyzed the data: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JA ML JOA EH TT. Wrote the paper: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Read and approved the final manuscript: JA EH ML JL DHKM JOA TT JKT SGS.