About the Authors

Johan Ankarklev

Affiliation Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Elin Hestvik

Affiliation Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Marianne Lebbad

Affiliation Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

Johan Lindh

Affiliation Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

Deogratias H. Kaddu-Mulindwa

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Jan O. Andersson

Affiliation Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Thorkild Tylleskär

Affiliation Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

James K. Tumwine

Affiliation Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Staffan G. Svärd

staffan.svard@icm.uu.se

Affiliation Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH TT JKT DHKM ML JA JOA SGS. Performed the experiments: JA ML JOA. Analyzed the data: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JA ML JOA EH TT. Wrote the paper: JA ML JOA JL SGS EH. Read and approved the final manuscript: JA EH ML JL DHKM JOA TT JKT SGS.