About the Authors

Ilaria Vanni

Affiliation Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Simone Mario Cacciò

Affiliation Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Lindy van Lith

Affiliation Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Marianne Lebbad

Affiliation Department of Diagnostics and Vaccinology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control (SMI), Solna, Sweden

Staffan G. Svärd

Affiliation Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, BMC, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Edoardo Pozio

Affiliation Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Fabio Tosini

fabio.tosini@iss.it

Affiliation Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IV SC FT. Performed the experiments: IV SC LVL FT. Analyzed the data: IV SC LVL ML SGS EP FT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SC ML SGS EP. Wrote the paper: IV SC FT.