About the Authors

Carla van Tienen, Thushan I. de Silva, Clayton O. Onyango, Sheikh Jarju, Nato Gonçalves, Tim Vincent, Hilton Whittle, Matthew Cotten
Virology, Medical Research Council, Fajara, The Gambia

Carla van Tienen
Medical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Thushan I. de Silva
UCL Centre for Medical Molecular Virology, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara
Public Health Advanced Laboratory, Gonçalo Moniz Research Center, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara
Bahia School of Medicine and Public Health Foundation for Science Development, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Clayton O. Onyango
KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Nato Gonçalves
Projecto de Saúde de Bandim, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau

Peter Aaby
Projecto de Saúde de Bandim, Indepth Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau

Maarten Schim van der Loeff
Health Service of Amsterdam (GGD) and Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Matthew Cotten
Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MC CvT TIdS MSvdL HW PA. Performed the experiments: CvT TIdS LCJA NG COO SJ. Analyzed the data: CvT MC TIdS LCJA SJ TV. Wrote the paper: CvT MC MSvdL TV. Supervision of data collection and data entry, drafting of the article and critically discussing hypotheses raised by the current study: TV.